Jerry Maren Was A Munchkin & A Mythbuster

10 Jun


The death of Jerry Maren at age 98 last month was just reported this week and has been making headlines because Maren was the last surviving actor who played a Munchkin in The Wizard of Oz. Despite other roles ranging from Buster Brown commercials to Seinfeld, Maren said nothing topped telling people he had acted in The Wizard of Oz.  Like most of the cast, he had never heard of the story before he was cast as a member of the Lollipop Guild (see above).

In the United States, The Wizard of Oz is one of the most well-known films of all time—only Star Wars is cited more often in pop culture—so it’s unsurprising that even a tangential association with it ignites stars in people’s eyes. This is only problematic insofar as the Munchkins—along with Oompa-Loompas and the European fantasy tradition of Dwarves—are one of the first things most people think of when they hear about dwarfism. And the film does perpetuate the widespread myth of short-statured people constituting a race that lives separately from average-sized people. The ubiquity of this myth is why most people are surprised to hear that 80% of all people with dwarfism in the U.S. are born to average-sized parents. In L. Frank Baum’s books, Munchkins do originate from Munchkinland, but there are also individual Munchkins integrated into all walks of life across the land of Oz. One of them is a general in a militant army of feminists. Progress?

Jerry Maren, however, did not only contribute his role as a Munchkin to dwarf history. With fellow actor Billy Barty, he helped found Little People of America, the first and largest dwarf advocacy organization in the United States. As someone with dwarfism, my life was far more greatly impacted by this than by the Munchkins.

According to The New York Times, Maren also campaigned against rumors spread by Judy Garland that the Munchkin actors were lecherous and alcoholic:

In his book, Mr. Maren blamed a troubled Judy Garland, who played Dorothy in “The Wizard of Oz,” for erroneously painting her dwarf castmates as miscreants. Referring to a 1967 television interview in which she told Jack Paar that the Munchkins “all got smashed every night” and had to be “picked up in butterfly nets,” Mr. Maren wrote: “Judy was telling it according to her pills and booze that day. She left behind a legacy of untruths about us.”

That stereotype of people with dwarfism as horny little drunks goes back to Victorian era, if not farther, and is still commonly found today in the freak show portrayals found on reality TV and MTV, at dwarf-tossing events, etc. Kudos to Maren for calling a star as big as Garland out on this. Hopefully the film’s millions of fans interested in what went on behind-the-scenes are just as interested in facts as fiction.




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